Many different conditions can cause pain that originates in the pelvic area. Sometimes, it is a sign of something serious, while at other times it is perfectly normal. Severe pain that starts suddenly may indicate a harmful process, such as a pelvic infection, an ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy growing in the fallopian tube), ovarian cysts, or appendicitis. All of these conditions need prompt evaluation by a medical provider.
Chronic pelvic pain has many possible causes as well, including:
- Endometriosis (abnormal growth of the uterine lining outside the uterus)
- Dysmenorrhea (painful periods)
- Scar tissue from previous surgeries or pelvic infections
- Fibroid tumors on the uterus
- Muscle disorders
Seek medical attention for evaluation of sudden-onset or chronic pelvic pain. Your medical provider will conduct a thorough physical exam and tests to find a diagnosis. Treatment plans may encompass pain medications, hormonal medications, muscle relaxants, biofeedback, or surgical intervention.