Symptoms of allergic rhinitis include coughing, sneezing, itchy throat and eyes, and clear nasal discharge. Some common triggers include pollen, mold or mildew, animal dander, and dust mites. Seasonal allergies return at the same time each year and are usually due to pollen and grasses. There are a variety of effective treatment strategies including antihistamines, nasal steroids and allergy immunotherapy.
There are no reliable prevention techniques for hay fever other than avoiding exposure to known irritants/triggers.
- Limit time spent outdoors when pollen counts are high (generally in the spring)
- Keep your bedroom as dust-free as possible and consider using an air purifier with HEPA filter
- Talk with your medical provider about treatment strategies that may be suited to your symptoms. Some, such as long-acting, non-sedating antihistamines (Cetirizine or Zyrtec®, Fexofenadine or Allegra and Loratadine or Claritin®) and nasal steroids (Budesonide or Rhinocort® Allergy), Fluticasone (Flonase® Allergy Relief), and Triamcinolone (Nasacort Allergy 24HR) are available without a prescription.
Seek medical attention for any of the following:
- Breathing difficulties
- Throat tightness
- Any sign of infection