Choking

Choking Emergencies & Injuries Choking occurs when an object (usually food) blocks the flow of air through the windpipe. Someone who is choking cannot talk, cough, or breathe. They typically signal this by clutching their hands to their throat.. The victim may...

Chest Pain / Heart Attack

Chest Pain / Heart Attack Emergencies & Injuries Chest pain is a symptom of a variety of medical conditions, including cardiac conditions, muscle strain (usually from coughing or sneezing), indigestion, pneumonia, or rib injuries. Chest pain from a heart attack is...

Burns

Burns Emergencies & Injuries Heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation can cause burns. A burn is classified by its depth. A first-degree burn, such as mild sunburn, affects only the outer skin layer, and causes it to become dry, red, and painful without...

Bruises

Bruises Emergencies & Injuries Bruises, or contusions, are caused by direct trauma to the small blood vessels under the skin. Bleeding in these tissues causes the black and blue coloration of a bruise. Treatment    Home Care Apply ice or cold packs to the area for...

Blood Under the Nail

Blood Under the Nail Emergencies & Injuries Bleeding under a nail after any injury to a finger or toe can be very painful. Common causes are single traumas, such as shutting a finger in a door, and repetitive trauma such as toes pounding the front of overly tight...

Bleeding (severe)

Bleeding (severe) Emergencies & Injuries Severe lacerations, or cuts, can cause severe or brisk bleeding, especially if an artery is involved. TREATMENT Professional Care Call 911 immediately. Promptly have the victim lie down. Elevate the site that is bleeding...